The bone marrow is rich in stem cells, growth factors and cell signaling substances. Stem cells are drawn in a painless way from the pelvic bone and then injected, along with your concentrated platelet blood product, rich in growth factors (Platelet Rich Plasma) into the painful body joint, tendon or muscle, usually using ultrasound guidance for better accuracy. Your Platelet Rich Plasma comes from a simple blood draw, which we spin to separate and extract the platelet rich component. Sometimes we inject Fat Aspirate with this mixture as it can help activate injected stem cells and create a healthy environment for them to multiply as well as for providing a cushion.
Degeneration often occurs in areas of the body where there is a low blood supply and oxygen, which do not allow adequate stem cells to reach the painful area or allow sufficient cell signaling to take place for healing and regeneration. For example, the cartilage in your joints has poor blood supply and healing.
Re-introducing your own stem cells systemically and directly into damaged joints under ultrasound or X-ray guidance can harness the benefits of stem cells. Adult stem cells from your own body have the ability to reduce inflammation and repair or replace damaged bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and nerves. They can also help stimulate new blood flow in the joints and reduce pain and inflammation to provide an opportunity for lasting healing and relief in a process called Immuno modulation.
Create new blood vessels
Accelerate the healing of damaged tissues
Stimulate tissue regeneration
Prevent continued premature cell or tissue loss
Reverse gradual deterioration
Halt abnormal, destructive immune or inflammatory responses
ALTHOUGH STEM CELLS ARE NATURALLY PRESENT IN ALMOST ALL TISSUES IN VARYING DEGREES, THE HIGHEST CONCENTRATION OCCURS IN THE BONE MARROW.
The highest concentration of stem cells in the human body occur in the hip bone. The Bone Marrow Aspirate (which contains the stem cells) is gathered by suctioning the bone marrow from the hip bone with a tiny needle. Since the patient is given a local anesthetic, there is only minimal discomfort during the procedure.
In most cases, 25-30 cc of BoneMarrow Aspirate is required. The aspirate includes platelets, mesenchymal stem cells, and other kinds of stem cells used in adult Stem Cell Therapy.
After aspiration, the stem cell tissue is separated from non-useful substances and cells. Sometimes the bone marrow is spun in a machine known as a centrifuge. The centrifuge spins the material at a high speed, and this process separates the platelets and stem cells from the remainder of the blood products. We inject the bone marrow into the site of tissue damage or injury together with other separated cells.
We use ultrasound guidance or x-ray fluoroscopy to increase the precision and accuracy of administration and decrease the likelihood of complications.